Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS

In the Eighties Hungary was truly excited about its first cosmonaut going to space. Bertalan Farkas along with Soviet cosmonaut Valery Kubasov, was launched into space on Soyuz 36 from Baikonur Cosmodrome on May 26, 1980 as part of the Interkosmos (or Intercosmos) program. The following photos were issued in one pack before the flight, they depict the cornerstones of the Soviet space program and the life of the cosmonauts.


"Earth is the cradle of humanity, but one cannot live in a cradle forever" - said Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian and Soviet rocket scientist, pioneer of the astronautic theory, founder of the Soviet space exploration. In the photo is the Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, the first museum in the world dedicated to the history of space exploration.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Yuri Gagarin, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut, the first human to journey into outer space. His Vostok 1 spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova, the first woman to have flown in space.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Pavel Belyayev and Alexey Leonov on aboard the Voskhod-2 spacecraft. Leonov became the first person to ever to conduct a spacewalk on the 18th of March, 1965.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


From left to right: Yevgeny Khrunov, Aleksei Yeliseyev, Vladimir Shatalov and Boris Volynov, the Fab Four, crews of Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5. They made the first docking between two manned craft in Earth orbit and exchange of crews in space in january 1969, forming a so called space station of the two spacecraft.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


October 1969: Soyuz 6, 7 and 8 were part of a joint mission that sent three Soyuz spacecraft into orbit together at the same time, carrying seven cosmonauts pictured below (from left to right): Vladimir Shatalov, Viktor Gorbatko, Valeri Kubasov, Anatoly Filipchenko, Aleksei Yeliseyev, Vladislav Volkov, Georgi Shonin.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


crew members of the Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), the first joint U.S.–Soviet space flight.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


The Salyut program was the first space station program undertaken by the Soviet Union. In the photo is the Salyut 6 orbital laboratory under construction.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Meeting aboard the Salyut-6: Yuri Romanenko and Georgi Grechko (Soyuz-26 crew) worked together with Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Oleg Makarov (Soyuz-27 crew) for 5 days in January 1978.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Crew of the Soyuz-28, the first mission in the Intercosmos program. On the left is Vladimír Remek the first Czechoslovak in space and the first cosmonaut from a country other than the Soviet Union or the United States. His crewmate was Aleksei Gubarev Soviet cosmonaut.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


The Baikonur Cosmodrome.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


The Soyuz 30 was another Intercosmos space flight to the Salyut 6 space station in 1978. The crew (l-r): Pyotr Klimuk and Mirosław Hermaszewski, the first Polish cosmonaut.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


The Spyuz-29 crew, Commander Vladimir Kovalyonok and flight engineer Aleksandr Ivanchenkov set a new space-endurance record of 139 days on aboard the Salyut 6 space station in 1978.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Sigmund Jähn (signing the Soyuz 29 capsule after returning to Earth) became the first German to fly in space via the Intercosmos program. On the left is Valery Bykovsky.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Cosmonauts Vladimir Lyakhov and Valery Ryumin, the crew of Soyuz 32. They spent 175 days aboard the Salyut-6, setting a new space endurance record.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Launch of the Progress 5 expendable freighter spacecraft, carrying supply to the Salyut 6 space station.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Nikolai Rukavishnikov and Georgi Ivanov, the first Bulgarian cosmonaut (left) crew of the Soyuz 33 mission, the 9th flight to the Salyut 6. Because of an engine failure the mission had to be aborted, and the crew had to return to earth before docking with the station in 1979.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Two Hungarian cosmonaut candidates: Bertalan Farkas (l) and Bela Magyari (r), first class fighter pilots of the Hungarian People's Army.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Bertalan Farkas became the first and only Hunarian cosmonaut thanks to the Intercosmos program.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Bertalan Farkas and his wife in Budapest.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Hungarian scientists developed several space instruments.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Bertalan Farkas trains with his fellow pilots in Kecskemet, Hungary.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


The Soyuz 36 crew in the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. On the left: commander Valery Kubasov, on the right: Research Cosmonaut Bertalan Farkas.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


The Soyuz 36 crew discussing the flight plan.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Cosmonauts and their families visiting each other in Star City where they have lived and trained.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Valery Kubasov and Bertalan Farkas are prepared for the flight.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Leonid Popov and Valery Ryumin, crew members of the Soyuz 35. They spent 185 days in space, setting a new space endurance record.

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS


Cover of the photo set. The title is in Hungarian: "People In Cosmos"

Rare Photos Of The Soviet Space Program From Gagarin To IntercosmosS